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Tetanus, Diptheria, & Pertussis

  • Tetanus:
    • Commonly referred to as lockjaw.
    • Caused by a germ that enters the body through a cut or wound.
    • Can cause "locking" of the jaw so that you would not be able to open you mouth or swallow.
    • Kills 3 out of every 10 people who contract the disease in the United States.
  • Diptheria:
    • Can spread when germs are passed from an infected person to the nose or throat of others.
    • Causes a thick coating in the nose, throat, or airway.
    • Can lead to breathing problems, heart failure, paralysis, and death.
    • Rare in the United States because of the success with immunization.
  • Pertussis:
    • Commonly referred to as whooping cough.
    • Causes severe coughing spells which can lead to difficulty breathing, vomiting, and disturbed sleep.
    • Can lead to weight loss, incontinence, rib fractures and passing out from violent coughing.
    • Up to 2 in 100 adolescents & 5 in 100 adults with pertussis are hospitalized or have complications, including pneumonia or death.
    • Spreads easily from person to person.
  • Vaccination with Td is indicated every 10 years to maintain immunity, Tdap is given only once.
     
  • In the event of an injury for which Tetanus prevention is indicated, the vaccine may be given if it has been greater than 5 years since last vaccinated.
     
  • These immunizations do not prevent other bacterial infections; therefore, wound observation and care is of extreme importance.
     
  • Contraindications: History of an allergy to either Diptheria, Tetanus, and/or Pertussis.
     
  • Warning: A recent lung or other infection is reason to delay routine vaccination or booster shot but not if an emergency vaccination is needed.
  • Side Effects:
    • Mild= Soreness, redness, or swelling where the shot was given. If these problems occur, they usually start within hours or up to 1 or 2 days after vaccination and may last 2 days. You may use acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (non-aspirin) to reduce soreness.
    • Severe= As with any medication, there are very small risks that serious problems, even death, could occur after getting a vaccine.
    • Immediate= Serious allergic reaction.
    • Delayed= (2 days to 4 weeks after the shot and may last many months) Deep aching pain and muscle wasting at the injection site.
  • If you have a serious or unusual problem after getting these vaccines, call your physician's office or go to a medical facility promptly.
     
  • If you have a reaction to the vaccine, write down exactly what happened and report to a nurse here at Student Health Services. Call (337) 482-5464.

 

Masks Required on Campus